Hybrid animals and CITES
Certain hybrid animals may be subject to the provisions of the
Convention on the
International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) and will require a CITES
permit to enter the UK from third countries.
A hybrid animal regulated under
CITES is one that in its previous four generations has a parent the species of
which is listed in Appendix I or II of CITES.
Prionailurus bengalensis bengalensis is listed in Appendices I & II of CITES.
(Only the populations of Bangladesh, India and Thailand are in Appendix I -
all other populations are included in Appendix II)
Appendix I lists species that are the most endangered among CITES-listed
animals.. They are threatened with extinction and CITES prohibits
international trade in specimens of these species except when the purpose of the
import is not commercial.
Appendix II lists species that are not necessarily now threatened with
extinction but that may become so unless trade is closely controlled. It also
includes so-called "look-alike species", i.e. species of which the specimens in
trade look like those of species listed for conservation reasons . International
trade in specimens of Appendix-II species may be authorized by the granting of
an export permit or re-export certificate. No import permit is necessary for
these species under CITES (although a permit is needed in some countries that
have taken stricter measures than CITES requires)
As a result of this, you require permits if you wish to import / export
hybrids of the species which are F1, F2, F3 or F4 generation captive bred.
F5 generation hybrids of the species are not subject to CITES regulations.
Below are some Guidance notes relating to the CITES regulations. For
further details visit
General guidance notes for Importers and Exporters
Guidance notes for Personal Ownership Certificates
Additional guidance notes for breeders
For more information on CITES,
please contact Defra’s Wildlife Species Conservation on:
It is the responsibility of the owner or person accompanying the animal to the
UK to ensure that CITES requirements are met where appropriate. The enforcement
of CITES and the checking of these permits is carried out by HM Revenue &
What is CITES?
The 'Washington' Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild
Fauna and Flora, more commonly known as CITES, aims to protect certain plants
and animals by regulating and monitoring their international trade to prevent it
reaching unsustainable levels. The Convention entered into force in 1975, and
the UK became a Party in 1976. There are now over 160 Parties. The CITES
Secretariat is administered by the United Nations Environment Programme. The UK
Government strongly supports CITES as an essential instrument for helping to
safeguard globally threatened species.
Defra is the UK CITES Management Authority and is responsible for ensuring that
the Convention is properly implemented in the UK, which includes enforcement and
issuing permits and certificates for the import and export, or commercial use
of, CITES specimens. Applications for CITES permits are referred to a designated
CITES Scientific Authority for advice on the conservation status of the species
The UK has two independent Scientific Authorities: the Joint Nature Conservation
Committee (JNCC) for animals, and the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew for plants.
Enforcement of the Convention at borders is primarily carried out by HM Customs
and Excise: inland the Police and Defra's Wildlife Inspectorate have lead
Global Wildlife Division
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